Alveolitis usually causes a dry cough
and breathing difficulty on exertion. A
or a lung
needed to diagnose alveolitis.
For most types of alveolitis, a short
symptoms, but for fibrosing alveolitis
these may need to be taken indefinitely.
If the cause of allergic alveolitis is rec-
ognized and avoided before lung damage
occurs, the effects are not permanent.
In fibrosing alveolitis, damage progresses
despite treatment, causing increasing
breathing difficulty and,
Dental surgery to remove
protuberances and smooth out uneven
areas from tooth-bearing bone in the
jaw before the fitting of dentures.
The bony cavity or
socket supporting each tooth in the jaw.
One of a large
number of tiny, balloon-like sacs at the
end of a bronchiole (one of many small
air passages in the lungs) where gases
are exchanged during
A progressive con-
dition in which nerve cells in the brain
degenerate and the brain shrinks. Alz-
heimer's disease is the most common
Onset is uncommon
before the age of 60.
Early onset Alzheimer's disease, in
which symptoms develop before age 60,
is inherited as a
onset Alzheimer's disease is associated
with a number of genes, including 3 that
are responsible for the production of
the blood protein
These genes also result in the depo-
sition of a protein called beta amyloid
in the brain. Other chemical abnorm-
alities may include deficiency of the
The features of Alzheimer's disease
vary, but there are 3 broad stages. At
first, the person becomes increasingly
forgetful, and problems with memory
the 2nd stage, loss of memory, par-
ticularly for recent events, gradually
becomes more severe, and there may
be disorientation as to time or place.
The person's concentration and num-
(inability to find
mood changes are unpredictable, and
personality changes may occur. Finally,
may be symptoms of
, such as
. Signs of
nervous system disease, such as abnor-
, begin to develop.
Alzheimer's disease is usually diag-
nosed from the symptoms, but tests
including blood tests and
of the brain may be needed to
exclude treatable causes of dementia.
The most important aspect of treat-
ment for Alzheimer's disease is the
provision of suitable nursing and social
care for sufferers and support for their
improve difficult behaviour and help
with sleep. Treatment with drugs such
as donepezil and rivastigmine may slow
the progress of the disease for a time,
but side effects such as nausea and
dizziness may occur.
A material, consist-
ing of an alloy of mercury with other
metals, that is used as fillings for teeth
the prevention and treatment of
A and to help relieve symptoms of
Brief loss of vision,
lasting for seconds or minutes, usually
affecting one eye only and caused by