include acne, stretch marks, bruising,
weakening of the bones by
susceptibility to infection and
and, in women, increased hairi-
ness. Mental changes frequently occur,
depression, insomnia, paranoia,
may develop. In children,
growth may be suppressed.
The excess hormones are most com-
monly due to prolonged treatment with
Cushing's syndrome are usually mild. In
other cases, high hormone levels are
due to overactivity of the
as a result of an
, or of a
affecting production of
which stimulates the adrenal glands.
Cushing's syndrome caused by cortico-
steroid drugs usually disappears if the
dose is gradually reduced. A tumour of
an adrenal gland is removed surgically. A
pituitary tumour may be removed surgi-
cally or shrunk by irradiation and drug
treatment. In both cases, surgery is fol-
hormone replacement therapy
A protrusion on the grind-
ing surface of a
Relating to the skin.
Creation of a small skin inci-
sion in order to gain access to a
take blood or to give intravenous fluid.
This is sometimes needed when a vein
cannot be identified through the skin in
conditions such as shock.
The outermost layer of skin. The
term commonly refers to the thin flap of
skin at the base of a nail; and also to
the outer layer of a hair shaft.
CROSS SECTION OF FINGERTIP
The abbreviation for
Any of a group of salts of hydro-
cyanic acid. Most are highly poisonous;
inhalation or ingestion can rapidly lead
, and death.
An alternative name
A bluish coloration of the skin
or mucous membranes due to too much
in the blood.
Cyanosis confined to the hands and feet
is not serious and is usually due to slow
blood flow, often as a result of exposure
to cold. A blue tinge to the lips and
tongue, however, could be due to a heart
or lung disorder such as chronic obstruc-
used to reduce
, kidney disorders,
of the liver, and
and to treat
. Side effects
include lethargy, loss of appetite, leg
cramps, dizziness, rash, and impotence.
used in the treatment of
. It is also used as an
ally to treat connective tissue diseases
such as systemic
of the ciliary mus-
cle of the eye impeding
Cycloplegia may be induced by cyclople-
gic drugs to facilitate eye examinations.
An alternative spelling for
A personality characteris-
tic typified by marked changes of mood
from cheerful, energetic, and sociable to
gloomy, listless, and withdrawn. Mood
swings may last for days or months and
may follow a regular pattern.
A drug that blocks
the action of
used in the treatment of cancer of the
prostate, cancer of
) and oc-
casionally to reduce male sex drive. Side
effects include weight gain and an in-
creased risk of developing of blood clots.
An abnormal and usually harmless
lump or swelling, filled with fluid or
semi-solid material. Cysts occur in body
organs or tissue. Types of cysts include
dermoid cysts, ovarian